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Faust Vrančić (1551-1617) is one of the most versatile Croatian humanists and polymaths whose scientific, literary and political activities deeply marked both Croatian and European intellectual culture and at the turn of the 16th century. In the manner typical for late humanist scholar, Vrančić assimilated, combined and creatively modified features of various intellectual traditions which fashioned the complex structure of the Renaissance episteme, from Aristotelism and Scholastics to Renaissance Humanism and Reformational Catholicism. By examining technical, linguistic, philosophical, hagiographical and historical works by Faust Vrančić, the complex configuration of late Humanist intellectual culture between Meditteranean and Central Europe has been highlighted. As a consequence it can be stated that Vrančić was not only its highly competent participant but also one of its most creative and immaginative creators.